This month’s edition of the Greater Houston Partnership's Houston: The Economy at a Glance provides an in-depth analysis of newly released demographic and social characteristics of Houstonians, provides an employment update, and announces the expert panel for the Houston Region Economic Outlook event in December.
Houston: The Economy at a Glance is a free monthly publication, which offers the latest data along with expert commentary on the Houston region’s economy.
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Metro Houston added nearly 1.3 million residents between ’08 and ’18, a 22.3 percent increase. A little more than half the growth came from migration, a bit less than half from natural increase. The growth has altered Houston’s population in subtle and sometimes not-so-subtle ways.
Each fall, the U.S. Census Bureau releases the American Community Survey (ACS), its annual snapshot of the nation’s economic, demographic, and social characteristics. By examining ACS data for ’08 and ’18, we can see shifts in Houston’s population. This issue of Houston: The Economy at a Glance, examines those shifts.
Race and Ethnicity
Houston’s Black, Asian and Hispanic populations have grown substantially over the past 10 years, according to the ACS. Houston’s White population, however, has remained flat. As a result, Hispanics are now the largest racial/ethnic group in metro Houston. However, no single race or ethnic group represents a majority of the population.
Individuals born outside the U.S. represent a larger share of the region’s population than they did 10 years ago, 23.6 percent in ’18 compared to 21.6 percent in ’08.
Since ’08, Houston has added nearly 390,000 foreign-born residents. They account for about one-third of the region’s population gains since ’08. The majority, however—some 1.2 million residents—arrived in the U.S. prior to ’10. Many lived in another metro before moving here.
Nearly 40 percent of Houston’s foreign-born residents are naturalized citizens, up from 32.4 percent 10 years ago. For the nation, 50.6 percent of foreign-born residents are now U.S. citizens.
Place of Origin
Most of Houston’s foreign-born come from Latin America (61.1 percent), Asia (27.1 percent), Africa (5.9 percent), Europe (4.3 percent), Canada (1.2 percent) and Oceania (0.3 percent). Twenty countries account for the place of birth for 84.1 percent of Houston’s foreign-born residents.
Continue reading this month's Economy at a Glance for more in-depth analysis of newly released demographic and social characteristics of Houstonians, an employment update, and the announcement of our expert panel for the Houston Region Economic Outlook event in December