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Foreign Trade Overview

More than $235.0 billion in foreign trade passed the Houston-Galveston Customs District in ’19, making it the sixth busiest in the U.S.
Published on 10/12/20
Foreign Trade Overview '19

Forty-five countries logged more than $1 billion each in trade through the Houston-Galveston Customs District in ’19. Houston’s top 10 trading partners are Mexico ($21.7 billion), Brazil ($15.4 billion), China ($14.7 billion), South Korea ($13.5 billion), the Netherlands ($11.7 billion), India ($10.1), Germany ($10.0 billion), United Kingdom ($9.3 billion), Japan ($9.2 billion), and Colombia ($7.0 billion). 

Imports totaled $85.3 billion in ’19. The top five imports were mineral fuels, oil, and refined products ($21.9 billion), industrial equipment and computers ($12.2 billion), articles of iron or steel ($6.8 billion), motor vehicles and parts ($5.7 billion), and electric machinery ($5.2 billion).

Exports totaled $150.5 billion in ’19. Leading exports included mineral fuels, oil, and refined products ($85.0 billion), organic chemicals ($14.3 billion), industrial equipment and computers ($11.8 billion), plastics and plastic products ($9.6 billion), and motor vehicles and parts ($4.0 billion). 

During the first eight months of ’20, oil and gas trade decreased in value compared to the same period in ’19, with imports experiencing a decrease of 36.5 percent and exports decreasing by 7.9 percent.

Heather Duran
Manager, Research
713-844-3654
hduran@houston.org

Patrick Jankowski, CERP
Senior Vice President, Research
713-844-3616
pjankowski@houston.org

Foreign Trade International Business
$150.5 billion

Houston's exports totaled $150.5 billion in '19.

$85.3 billion

Houston's imports totaled $85.3 billion in '19. 

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