Published Nov 12, 2020 by Ben Melson
For decades, the Texas Legislature attempted to solve the complex issues in Texas public school finance, and for decades the body failed in that attempt. The systems that the Legislature and Supreme Court managed to create were riddled with inequities and failed to adequately prioritize the improvement of student outcomes. Instead, the system continued to support mediocre achievement gains for students of color, those experiencing poverty, and students with special needs. An overview of the previous funding system can be found here.
All of this changed during the 86th Texas Legislative Session with the passage of a landmark school finance reform bill, House Bill 3. The effort to overhaul the school finance system began with the creation of a School Finance Commission. Most interested parties were skeptical that any substantial change would be spurred on by the commission and most presumed that there was a lack of enthusiasm for true reform.
Guided by the leadership of State Representative Dan Huberty, State Representative Diego Bernal, and State Senator Larry Taylor, the commission produced a wholistic report that included recommendations for increasing equity and opportunity in all Texas public schools.
In lockstep with the Commission’s report, the legislature included nearly all of the recommendations in the final version of House Bill 3. In fact, all of the Partnership's school finance reform principles were included in the final legislation. Those principles include:
Ultimately, this legislation not only increased funding for all school systems, but also removed outdated formula elements and specifically included formula funding for traditionally underserved student populations.
This was a huge win for Texas and every generation of student that is or will be attending a public school. Now we must ensure that the new school finance system is maintained and fully funded this coming legislative session. This is why Public School Finance continues to be one of the top policy priorities for the Greater Houston Partnership.
A statement submitted by Representatives Martinez Fischer, Beckley, J. Gonzalez, Goodwin, Israel, Meza, Morales, Muñoz, Ramos, Rodriguez, and Rosel to the House Journal at the passage of House Bill 3 sums this up well.
HB 3 is one of the most significant bills to come before this body, but none of its provisions will matter, none of our work will matter unless there is a plan to sustain its investments in full beyond this biennium.
Those of us voting in support of HB 3 today must hold ourselves accountable for finding those revenue streams in order for the 87th Legislature to honor this financial commitment.
While COVID-19 is certainly a new reality for all of us, the legislature will be forced to confront hard financial decisions over the next several sessions. The Partnership will continue to play a lead role in advocating for the preservation of the reforms that were included in HB 3 and funding our public schools in their entirety this coming legislative session.
Learn more about the Partnership's efforts around public school finance.