Published Jun 11, 2020 by Kelsey Seeker
A representative with the United States Census Bureau is urging Houston employers to encourage their employees to complete the 2020 Census. It’s one way businesses can play an integral role in helping the region recover from the economic downturn.
Ja’Salyn Smith, Partnership Specialist with the U.S. Census Bureau discussed the impact of the Census and the collaborative effort needed for an accurate count of the Houston region during the Partnership’s Quality of Life Council meeting on June 9.
Census Determines More Than Just Funding
Houston’s response to 2020 Census is crucial for the next decade, especially considering the effects of the pandemic and economic downturn.
Federal funding to support healthcare, education, infrastructure and other critical services depend heavily on an accurate count of our region. The Census also affects two areas of political representation.
Apportion representation is how the seats in the U.S. House of Representatives are divided among the states.
“From the 2010 Census, Texas gained four seats in the House and with a population that has ballooned in recent years, Texas could gain 2-3 more seats,” Smith said. The apportionment counts will be delivered to the president by April 30, 2021.
Data gathered by the Census also informs how state and local election district boundaries will be redrawn or revised.
“We want to make sure that number is accurate to inform the planning decisions of federal, state and local government,” Smith said. “The number that we get in 2020 will determine the amount of money that Texas receives from the federal government for the next 10 years, so the count that we get in 2020 – we are stuck with that number until 2030.”
COVID-19 Shifts Census Timeline
The federal government has moved the self-response deadline where people can submit their responses online, by phone or through mailed forms, back from July 31 to October 31.
Census takers will also have until October 31 to interview households in person for those who have not self-responded by August 11.
“The Census form is translated into 59 different languages and we hire enumerators in the communities they live in,” Smith said. “We do this so they are familiar with the languages or the cultures in the area they are working in and helps drive that community’s response.”
To complete the Census, Smith noted that households have received a unique code they can use to complete the Census, but they can also complete it by using their home address. She stressed the Census is only for households. Houstonians should not use a business address.
The contact information people provide is protected, Smith stressed. For example, the federal agency will only use the phone number people provide if there is an error or point of clarification needed on their form.
Houston Region Current Response Rate
“In 2010, the total response rate for Texas was 64.4% - that means we missed about 35.6% of people,” Smith said. “That doesn’t sound like a lot but that’s about 8.9 million people we missed in Texas.”
As of June 9, Texas is currently at a 55.4% rate with 45.4% of people responding online. Fort Bend and Brazoria counties lead with the highest response rates in the Houston region. The City of Houston has about a 51.4% self-response rate.
“The Census is how residents are seen – every federal program with funding is affected by Census data,” Smith said. “Even if the population in Houston continues to expand, whatever count we get as a region this year, that lasts until 2030.”
How Census Data is Used For Studies, Business Resources
The Census is responsible for providing data for numerous studies and a wealth of business resources.
“This data lets you know what areas to look at building around, what areas to hire more people in. It shows demographic data and statistics that can help your business make informed decisions and forecast,” Smith said.
In addition to interactive digital resources, the federal agency also offers tailored training. Data dissemination specialists are available to train companies on how to use Census resources.
Smith referenced studies the Census contributes or informs, including the Kinder Houston Area Study. While the study focused on the changing attitudes and experiences of Houstonians in February and March, the study also revealed key indicators for how Houston is faring in the midst of the pandemic.
The survey reported income inequalities and economic vulnerability, largely among Houston’s Hispanic and African American populations.
“It’s these populations that are historically underrepresented and that we have trouble reaching,” Smith shared.
The Census also created two pulse surveys since the start of the pandemic to gauge its effect on communities across the United States.
The Small Business Pulse Survey measures the changes in business conditions. Smith noted this data is especially important because it provides policymakers, government officials and businesses with a better picture of the effects of the coronavirus. The survey results also help guide initiatives such as the Paycheck Protection Program.
A key point from the survey shows that 31.4% of small businesses report it will take them more than 6 months to ramp back up to their usual level of operations, followed by 27% who believe it will take 4-6 months. Some small businesses reported they will never return to normal operations (6.2%), most of which are from the Accommodations and Food Services sector.
The Household Pulse Survey, an experimental pulse survey conducted through email, measures how households are faring on a week-to-week basis. The survey examines multiple factors, including the effect of stay-home orders, business closures and consumer spending.
Business Role in the Census
Smith concluded the presentation by emphasizing shared key ways employers can encourage their employees to participate in the Census, such as hosting a “Census Hour” every Friday or asking senior leaders to demonstrate how they’re taking part to encourage employees to do the same.
“As business leaders, you are trusted in your community and you can show people how easy it is,” Smith said. “We also need volunteers so if you have affinity groups that want to participate, we do need help reaching fellow Houstonians in different communities.”
For resources and information on how your company can support 2020 Census participation, click here.